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What Are The Basic Functions Of Financial Markets?

The financial management is like the heart of a company for running

What are the Capital Market and Financial Market?

Numerous individuals are confused regarding the financial markets. We hear them referred to under many names, including the capital market, the markets, and Wall Street. Despite the variety of names, today’s financial markets are where traders purchase and sell assets, including commodities, stocks, bonds, foreign exchange, and derivatives. Businesses invest in the market to increase cash flow and decrease risk. Investors rely on the market to make money.

Many of the individuals we speak with believe the only financial market is the stock market. The fact is, there are different types of markets, depending on the goals of the investor. A range of products is exchanged with the purpose of raising liquidity. All of the markets are reliant on one another for investor confidence. This means if one market suffers, the other markets will be affected. Investors frequently conduct a technical analysis of the financial markets to help ensure success.

The Stock Market

The stock market consists of a series of exchanges. Corporations invest in this market to raise large amounts of cash for expansion. Stocks are ownership shares in public corporations available for purchase by investors at broker-dealers. When the earnings of a company rise, the investors make a profit. Buying stocks is simple, but the experience is necessary to purchase from the right corporation.

Dow Jones Industrial Average

We generally hear the Dow Jones Industrial Average referred to as the Dow. This is how investors track the performance of stocks. We also see investors preferring to use other indexes such as the Standard & Poor’s 500 for tracking the stock market. The world’s stock exchange is where stocks are traded. Two of the most well known are the Nasdaq and the New York Stock Exchange.

The Bond Market

When a company requires a large loan, one of the available options is the bond market. When the price of stocks increases, the price for bonds decreases. Bonds are available in a lot of different types, including municipal bonds, corporate bonds, and Treasury bonds. Bonds offer liquidity to help ensure the economy of the United States functions smoothly.

We believe the relationship between Treasury bonds and the yield is essential. When the value of a Treasury bond decreases, the rise in yields compensates. When the yields increase, so do the interest rates for mortgages. If the value decreases, there is a drop in the value of the United States dollar. The result is an increase in the price of imports, often leading to inflation.

Mutual Funds

Mutual funds are essential for financial markets today because investors have the option to purchase numerous stocks simultaneously. This is a more straightforward investment than individual stocks. Mutual funds decrease the volatility of the stock market and calm the economy of the United States. Although there are many advantages, the investor must be able to determine which mutual funds are suitable investments.

The Commodities Market

When a company offsets futures risks by purchasing or selling natural resources, it is called a commodity market. Companies can secure a price for numerous options, including gold, corn, and oil, on any given day due to the volatility. This type of exchange is public, so various investors conduct trades for profit only. The commodity currently most famous for the economy of the United States is oil.

Oil is necessary for the generation of electricity, transportation, heating, plastics, and industrial products. When the price of oil increases, there is an impact on the price of gas. If the price of gas and oil remain high, the amount of food will be impacted. The commodities futures market determines the cost of oil.


We have found derivatives to be one of the most complicated products because the value is determined according to underlying assets. Hedge funds and more experienced investors use derivatives for increasing potential profits. Hedge funds are accessible due to the potential for more massive returns. The global financial crisis of 2008 resulted from hedge fund investments in both derivatives and subprime mortgages.


Futures enable investors to purchase something today, then receive delivery tomorrow. The leverage of the trader is increased because money can be borrowed for buying the commodity.

Forex Trading

Forex trading is when currencies are purchased or sold through a decentralized global market. During April of 2019, approximately $6.6 trillion forex trades were conducted. Roughly 88 percent included the United States dollar. Approximately 25 percent of all trades are held by banks to decrease volatility for customers doing overseas business.

An additional 11 percent is linked to hedge funds, with some trades being speculative. Exchange rates are impacted by this market, affecting the value of currencies, including the United States dollar. Exchange rates are based on the nation’s financial and economic stability, currency, and supply and demand.


There are numerous functions and purposes of the markets, including price determination, technical analysis of the financial markets, a variety of financial instruments, purchasing and selling opportunities, mobilizing funds, receiving fair market prices, sharing risks, and providing traders with valuable information. The seven key functions of financial markets today are:

• Price determination

• Easy access


• Funds mobilization

Capital formation

• Risk sharing

• Decreasing transaction costs

Price Determination

The financial market involves using a variety of financial instruments to conduct trades between sellers and buyers. Price discovery for these traders is a vital function of the financial markets. Market supply and demand or market forces determine the prices for trading in the market using financial instruments.

For this reason, we refer to the financial market as a vehicle capable of determining the prices for a financial asset. These assets are issued for financial assets, including existing stock.

Easy Access

Investors in the industry are required to raise funds. Individual investors invest funds to earn a return. This means the platform supporting the financial market provides both sellers and buyers with easy access. The result is saving both money and time while searching for the best potential sellers and buyers.


The financial market includes a liquidity function. This provides investors with an excellent opportunity to sell financial instruments. Investors will receive a fair value throughout the working hours of the financial market. There are times when the financial market does not have a liquidity function. In this instance, the investor is forced to hold onto the financial instrument or financial securities until the market conditions change.

At this time, the issuer of the security or the investor is contractually obligated to make a purchase when the debtinstrument matures, or when the company is liquidated. The liquidation of the company can be either involuntary or voluntary depending on the circumstances. Investors participating in the financial markets have the ability to readily sell securities for the purpose of converting them into cash. This is what provides the market with liquidity.

Funds Mobilization

The financial market today is responsible for more than determining the trading prices of financial instruments. The participants in the market are also determined by the return required for funds investors have placed in the financial market. The motivation for investors looking for funds in the market depends on the rate of return the investors have demanded. This function is only found within the financial markets.

This is how the money market lenders have made available are allocated in the market. The funds are received by individuals who require the money or financial instruments are issued to raise the funds required. The result is the marketeffectively mobilizes the investor‘s savings.

Capital Formation

The financial markets are mostly a means of enabling the investor‘s funds to flow throughout the country. The result is assisting the country with the formation of necessary capital.


Since the individuals making an investment are different than the individuals responsible for providing the funds, we frequently see risk-sharing within the financial market. Moreover, the financial market enables the transfer of the risk from the trader, investing in the individuals responsible for providing the funds necessary for the investment.

Decreasing Transaction Costs

In order for a successful transaction to occur when the investor purchases or sells securities, the trader needs a lot of different kinds of information. To obtain certain information, the trader was once required to dedicate both time and money to the market.

The financial market is currently providing all different kinds of information to the investors without the necessity of spending either time or money. This is how financial markets decrease transaction costs.

The Bottom Line

A wide variety of different functions are performed by the financial markets for every country, offering traders and companies an opportunity to purchase or sell different types of financial instruments in addition to financial securities market. The role of the market is vital for allocating limited available resources for any countries economy.

The financial market is an intermediary for the investors and savers. The market mobilizes the funds between these individuals to help determine the current cost of securities.


What is the structure of financial markets?

Today’s financial world, all national and international markets are part of the financial market. It incorporates banks, funds (pension, insurance, foreign exchange), and many other financial institutions that help to accumulate and redistribute money. As it is a complex system, the financial market has a multilevel structure that includes five market segments: the foreign exchange market, the credit market, the insurance market, the investment market, and the stock market. As we can imagine, the Forex currency market represents one-fifth of the financial market.

What is the function of financial markets?

Financial markets are a space whose objective is to channel household and corporate savings into investment. In such a way that the people who save have an excellent remuneration for lending that money and the companies can have that money available to make investments. The primary function of a financial market is intermediation between people who save and those who need financing. In other words, to bring buyers and sellers together. Based on this, we can name these four main functions of financial markets:

  • Bring together everyone who wants to intervene in it.
  • Set a suitable price for any asset.
  • Provide liquidity for assets.
  • Reduce the terms and costs of intermediation, facilitating a more excellent circulation of the assets.

What are the different types of financial markets?

There are various types of financial markets, they are remarkably essential and pillars, but we will name only some of the most important ones. Starting with the capital market, which is the one that market agents go to in order to finance themselves in the medium and long term (more than 18 months) to raise capital and to make investments. The assets of this market are debts issued by both States and private companies to obtain financing. Then, there is the commodities market, where the principal assets traded are commodities or commodities. They are very volatile assets, and we can find agricultural products, metals, or energy. These types of assets take into account many variables, such as weather events or political conflicts that make their price oscillate in percentages that can go from 20% to 80%. Next, we have the derivatives market where the value of the products is actually the price of another asset, known as the underlying. These take both shares and commodities, fixed income, stock indices, or interest rates. Finally, the insurance market is a marketthat the individuals or the companies can find a wide variety of insurance offers from insurance companies to protect themselves against future losses-either of movable or immovable property, as well as of people’s lives, among many others. 

Why is the financial market important?

Financial markets are significant drivers of economic growth since they are of great importance in modern economies. They constitute one of the primary mechanisms through which resources are allocated to different productive sectors. On the other hand, they play an essential role in the framework of economic policy formulation and implementation. We must recall one crucial thing of the technical analysis of financial markets, which is an approach focused on the analysis and evaluation of past market data to predict the course of prices and meet success. Technical analysis is also used among market participants and financial experts, in particular day traders who perform many different daily trades and close their positions by the end of the day. Usually involves the research of technical indicators like the moving averages, flags, balance sheet evaluation, etc.

Furthermore, a crucial role technical analysis approximates earnings and rate of growth predictions. This method of analysis of financial markets is commonly accepted by Intermarket relationships, notably in long-term multinational companies. Analysis of the financial market is becoming a highly valuable operation, generally restricted to select groups of experts called technical analyst. They are professionally qualified in financial analysis in most situations and are justly type of tools to understand a given market better. In several other cases, they are economists or experienced investors with a particular interest in market economics and financial market analysis; that’s why this function remains financial markets important in the business world.

Stocks are plummeting – could coronavirus cause a recession?

The economy has been hit by coronavirus, which has attacked with unprecedented force and has had a high impact on the financial markets since, for the time being, the only way to stop its expansion requires an almost total paralysis of the economy. Today, a recession is inevitable. The fall in the short term is very severe, to levels comparable to war. As we don’t know what’s going to happen, the lack of elements to evaluate the future makes the uncertainty soar, preventing investors from valuing companies. If we want to invest in the stock market at this time and think it’s possible to predict market turns and trends, we have to find an analyst whose analysis will convince us – or form our own opinion – and invest according to what that analysis says. If, in addition to being disciplined, we manage to invest in a very diversified way and with low costs, we have many of the elements that have historically constituted successful investments. Now there are also many more tools available to do that, particularly index funds that replicate global market behavior.

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